Clinical pharmacology is the division of pharmacology with an added focus on the applications of pharmacological principles in the medical prescription and towards the patient care and an expected beneficial outcome. It is basically the science of drugs and their clinical and medical use. It encompasses a broad scope in terms from the discovery of new target molecules to the effects of drug usage in whole populations. Clinical pharmacology connects the gap between medical practice and laboratory science. It covers the aspects of rational prescribing of drugs, drug effects, drug interactions and drug development. Rational prescribing of drugs includes using the right medication with right route, at the right dosage and frequency of administration, and finally stopping the drug appropriately. The drug development usually culminates some form of clinical trials involving drug interactions and toxicological studies. The main objective of clinical pharmacology is to promote the safety of prescribed drugs, maximize the drug effects and minimize its side effects. Clinical pharmacology studies the following aspects of a drug, such as: pharmacodynamics, pharmacokinetics, rational prescribing of the drug, ADRs, toxicology, drug interactions and drug development.
Review articles are the summary of current state of understanding on a particular research topic. They analyze or discuss research previously published by scientist and academicians rather than reporting novel research results. Review article comes in the form of systematic reviews and literature reviews and are a form of secondary literature. Systematic reviews determine an objective list of criteria, and find all previously published original research papers that meet the criteria. They then compare the results presented in these papers. Literature reviews, by contrast, provide a summary of what the authors believe are the best and most relevant prior publications. The concept of "review article" is separate from the concept of peer-reviewed literature. It is possible for a review to be peer-reviewed, and it is possible for a review to be non-peer-reviewed.
Last date updated on June, 2014