|Bacteriology is the branch of microbiology, which deals with the study of bacteria. Bacteria are microscopic organisms which have spread in the environment and are the inhabitants of soil, water as well as human bodies. They are the single celled organisms causing many harmful and lethal diseases both to animals and humans. The study of bacterial structure, shape and physiology is called as bacteriology. Most of the bacteria appear in different shapes such as oval, coccal, spiral etc. Innovations are new idea, device or process. Innovations are the application of better solutions that meet new requirements, inarticulated needs or existing market needs.