|Xenobiotics as the name signifies âstrangersâ are compounds that are foreign to human body. Xenobiotic compounds include natural as well as synthetic compounds such as pesticides, drugs, additives, heavy metals, food additives etc. The accumulation of these compounds in the body will cause depletion of cells and adverse effect on metabolism. In lower doses some of the Xenobiotic compounds have beneficial functions such as pharmaceutical and drug activities. Food and medication is the common pathway of Xenobiotic entry into body. Xenobiotic compounds enter the cells through diffusion, active transport and endocytosis. The metabolism of the Xenobiotics occurs mainly in liver.
Peer review refers to the work done during the screening of submitted manuscripts and funding applications. This process encourages authors to meet the accepted standards of their discipline and reduces the dissemination of irrelevant findings, unwarranted claims, unacceptable interpretations, and personal views. Publications that have not undergone peer review are likely to be regarded with suspicion by academic scholars and professionals.