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Brunetto Anton Chiarelli

Brunetto Anton Chiarelli

University of Florence

Professor Emeritus
Department of Anthropology


Brunetto Anton Chiarelli, born in Florence, Italy, on 15 July 1934, is Professor Emeritus of Anthropology at the University of Florence, Italy. Chiarelli emerged as a pioneering figure in the field of Anthropology & Primatology in 1962, when he discovered the chromosomal mutations which distinguished man from apes (Caryologia 15: 99-121). He was formally recognized for his work by various International Institutions. In subsequent years, he made significant advancements in the comparative study of the chromosomes of Primates, becoming a leading expert on primate caryology, taxonomy and phylogeny. Chiarelli is author of more than 500 scientific publications dealing mainly with comparative genetics, cytogenetics, taxonomy of Primates, biology of human populations and global bioethics. More than thirty years ago Chiarelli established the International Institute for Humankind Studies (IIHS) at the University of Florence to offer an international forum for the promotion of ideas pertaining to the study and conservation of Man. Through seminars, conferences and the publication of three academic, quarterly journals: ‘Human Evolution’, the \'International Journal of Anthropology’ and ‘Global Bioethics’, the IIHS attempts to communicate across ideological and scientific domains, embracing minds from all cultures and creeds, to raise the general level of awareness about the historical, natural, environmental and social forces which have determined our evolution thus far, in the hope of re-directing Man’s efforts towards the formulation and implementation of more equitable and ethical social and economic policies, with the common interest at heart. He was also Founder and Editor of ‘Journal of Human Evolution’ from 1972-86. Chiarelli is also President of the European Association of Global Bioethics and member of the Accademia delle Scienze of Turin, not to mention many other prestigious Italian and international organizations, such as the American Association for the Advancement of Science etc.


His research mainly focus on comparative genetics, cytogenetics, taxonomy of Primates, biology of human populations and global bioethics