Air Pollution Toxicology

Air pollution is defined as the contamination of the air, irrespective of indoors or outside. A physical, biological or chemical alteration to the air in the atmosphere can be termed as air pollution toxicology. Air pollution causes release of harmful gases, smoke and dust from various sources. They enter the atmosphere and thus making it difficult for plants, animals and to humans for their survival as the air becomes dirty and dangerous to breathe. Exposure to ambient air pollution is a dangerous and serious common public health issue that is associated with growing mortality and morbidity rate worldwide. In the last decades, the adverse effects of air pollution on the pulmonary and cardiovascular systems have been well established in a series of major epidemiological and observational studies.

Air pollution toxicology is the highly concerned environmental hazard. On a temporal basis, air has immense capacity for moving a large mass of pollutants. Mammals and birds are exposed to pollutants in air by the inhalation (nose and mouth), cutaneous or ocular routes. With the discovery that ambient air pollution episodes led to excess illness and death, there became an emergence of toxicological studies that focused on industrial air pollution encountered by the public.

  • Air monitoring
  • Ambient air pollution and particulate matters
  • Hazardous air pollutants
  • Exposure to pollutants
  • Epidemiological evidence of health effects
  • Effects of historical disasters
  • Alternatives and reduction efforts of pollution
  • Growth of morbidity and mortality rate due to pollution
  • Risk assessment of air pollutants
  • Ultrafine and nanoparticle Toxicology
  • Potential and systemic effects
  • Acute and repeat exposure studies
  • Exposure and dose-response assessment
  • Indoor and outdoor air pollution
  • Particulate and tobacco smoke
  • Sand and silica dust
  • Pollution by motor vehicles, industrial chemicals, Incinerators
  • Tall stacks and their role in transport of pollutants
  • Urban pollutants: their sources and biological effects
  • Heavy Metal Toxicology

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