Antibiotic resistance: An overview

Antibiotic resistance emerge when antibiotics loses the ability to restrict or kill bacterial growth; in other words, the bacteria are "resistant" and progress to multiply in the presence of therapeutic levels of an antibiotic. Antibiotic resistance is a natural aspect. When antibiotic is used, bacteria that can persist the antibiotics have more number of chances to survive than those that are "susceptible." Susceptible bacteria are wiped out or inhibited by an antibiotic, resulting in a selective pressure for the survival of resistant strains of bacteria. Sometimes resistance may occur without any human interaction and sometimes due to overuse of drugs or taking antibiotics unnecessarily which is clearly a human mistake.

 

  • Mechanisms of resistance
  • Cause of antibiotic resistance
  • Development of antibiotic resistance
  • Spread of antibiotic resistance
  • Initiatives to facilitate antibiotic development

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