Antibiotics: An overview

An antibiotic is a sort of medicine which is used for the treatment of bacterial infections. We associate with thousands of bacterial cells every day and colonized by lot of divergent types of bacteria which inside us or on us; almost every part of the body. We need to maintain a healthy ecosystem of bacteria to live healthy, called normal flora (not all bacteria is bad!), while few selectively getting rid of the harmful, “pathogenic” bacteria which may stimulus an infection. Human body’s immune system responds to an infection by trying to fight and destroy the harmful bacteria! To support immune system, humans use antibiotics, which are chemicals (specifically made) that enter and stick to important parts (targets) of the bacterial cell, and restrict its capability to exist and reproduce.

 

  • Introduction
  • Mechanism of action of antibiotics
  • General principles for the use of antibiotics
  • Clinical use of antibiotics
  • Epidemiology of infections
  • Application of antibiotics

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