Aquaculture in Food Security

Fish contributes to national food self-sufficiency through direct consumption and through trade and exports. Therefore more attention should be given to increase in production of Aquaculture. In traditional fish eating countries in Asia and Oceania, per capita consumption are mostly above 25 kg. In some island countries in the Pacific the per capita consumption are above 50 kg per year or even as high as 190 kg as is the case in Maldives. The extreme importance of fish to food security and nutrition may be illustrated by assessments on the situation in Africa. FAO estimates that fish provides 22 percent of the protein intake in sub-Saharan Africa. This share, however, can exceed 50 percent in the poorest countries.Aquaculture can benefit the livelihoods of the poor either through an improved food supply and/or through employment and increased income and there is one sure benefit of consuming fish,  that is the nutritional and health benefit to be gained from its valuable nutritional content. Food fish has a nutrient profile superior to all terrestrial meats. It is an excellent source of high quality animal protein and highly digestible energy, In fact, if there is a single food that could be used to address all of the different aspects of world malnutrition, it is fish - the staple animal protein source of traditional fishers.



Forecasts indicate the global demand for fish production will continue to increase over the next decade, driven predominately by rising populations and urbanisation in developing states. Considered the fastest developing food-producing sector in the world, aquaculture is recognised as a possible sustainable solution for food security and increased dietary nutrition in developing regions. There are a number of limitations which, if not addressed, could impede the successful expansion of aquaculture and global fisheries at large. These include: environmental degradation and reduced water quality, disease, increased fish feed extraction from the world’s oceans, and a lack of governance and regulation in production. At the same time, if aquaculture does not develop quickly enough global price rises can be expected, reducing access to fish for consumption and leaving less developed countries vulnerable to these changes. 

  • Reduction and Stabilization of Wild Fish Catch
  • Increase Productivity of Aquaculture
  • China’s Aquaculture
  • Protection of fishery ecosystem and conservation of biodiversity
  • Fish processing technology
  • Healthy fish products with improvement in quality and flavour
  • Pollution of ecosystem
  • Nutrition and Sociological Environment

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