Artificial Intelligence and Cancer

When cancer is detected early, it is more likely that the treatment will be successful. But more often, cancers are diagnosed at a late stage when they are much harder to treat. The biggest challenge in cancer treatment is the ever-changing nature of tumours with cancers often evolving to a drug-resistant form. If doctors can predict the evolution of a tumour, they could intervene earlier to stop cancer in its tracks before it gets the chance to evolve or develop resistance, thereby increasing the patient’s chances of survival.

Artificial Intelligence has been used by scientists to predict how cancers will progress and evolve, so that doctors can design the most effective treatment for each patient. For e.g., a new technique was developed called REVOLVER (Repeated evolution of cancer), which picks out patterns in DNA mutation within cancers and uses the information to forecast future genetic changes.

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