Atherosclerosis - Gender difference

Cardiovascular disease develops 7 to 10 years later in women than in men and is still the major cause of death in women. The under-recognition of heart disease and differences in clinical presentation in women lead to less aggressive treatment strategies and a lower representation of women in clinical trials. Furthermore, self-awareness in women and identification of their cardiovascular risk factors needs more attention, which should result in a better prevention of cardiovascular events. It is assumed that exposure to endogenous oestrogens during the fertile period of life delays the manifestation of atherosclerotic disease in women. Although studies have shown that hormonal dysfunction in premenopausal women is associated with an increased risk of atherosclerosis and CHD events, it is still unclear whether the polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is an independent risk factor for atherosclerosis.

Cardiovascular disease develops 7 to 10 years later in women than in men and is still the major cause of death in women. The under-recognition of heart disease and differences in clinical presentation in women lead to less aggressive treatment strategies and a lower representation of women in clinical trials. Furthermore, self-awareness in women and identification of their cardiovascular risk factors needs more attention, which should result in a better prevention of cardiovascular events. It is assumed that exposure to endogenous oestrogens during the fertile period of life delays the manifestation of atherosclerotic disease in women. Although studies have shown that hormonal dysfunction in premenopausal women is associated with an increased risk of atherosclerosis and CHD events, it is still unclear whether the polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is an independent risk factor for atherosclerosis.

Endothelial dysfunction - Endothelial dysfunction is a systemic pathological state of the endothelium (the inner lining of blood vessels) and can be broadly defined as an imbalance between vasodilating and vasoconstricting substances produced by (or acting on) the endothelium. Endothelial dysfunction can result from and/or contribute to several disease processes, as occurs in hypertension, hypercholesterolaemia, diabetes, septic shock, and Behcet's disease.

Hyperlipidemia - At proper levels, lipids perform important functions in your body, but can cause health problems if they are present in excess. The term hyperlipidemia means high lipid levels. Hyperlipidemia includes several conditions, but it usually means that you have high cholesterol and high triglyceride levels. High lipid levels can speed up a process called atherosclerosis. Most hyperlipidemia is caused by lifestyle habits or treatable medical conditions.

Plaque characteristics - Atherosclerotic plaque formation results from complex cellular interactions in the intima of arteries, which take place between resident cells of the vessel wall (smooth muscle cells and endothelial cells) and cells of the immune system. histopathologic examinations of a large series of plaques have revealed substantial variations in the thickness of fibrous caps, in the size of atheromas, in the extent of dystrophic calcification. 

Postmenopausal Status - A woman's risk of developing atherosclerosis and heart disease increases once she reaches menopause. Prior to menopause, women are mainly protected from heart disease by estrogen, the reproductive hormone produced by the ovaries. This protection is why women tend to develop heart disease 10 years after men. However this 10-year protection is not seen in women who smoke or have diabetes. Among its many roles, estrogen helps keep arteries free from plaque by improving the ratio of LDL and HDL cholesterol. It also increases the amount of HDL cholesterol, which helps clear arteries of LDL cholesterol, the kind that most contributes to plaque build-up. Replacing natural estrogen hormones with drugs after menopause is not an effective way to prevent heart disease and may even be harmful.

  • Endothelial Dysfunction
  • Hyperlipidemia
  • Plaque Characteristics
  • Postmenopausal status

Related Conference of Atherosclerosis - Gender difference

September 10-11, 2018

4th International Conference on Hypertension & Healthcare

Zurich, Switzerland (Hilton Zurich Airport)
September 11-12, 2018

World Cardiology and Cardiologist Meeting

Quality Hotel Globe Stockholm, Sweden
September 17-18, 2018

24th World Cardiology Conference

Hong Kong
September 17-18,2018

25th Annual Cardiologists Conference

Hong Kong
September 21-22, 2018

27th International Conference on Clinical & Experimental Cardiology Research

Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
September 24-26, 2018

5th World Heart and Brain Conference

Abu Dhabi, UAE
October 05-06, 2018

American Heart Congress - CVD

Los Angeles, California, USA
October 22-23, 2018

Global Cardiology Summit

Osaka, Japan
Oct 22- Oct 24 , 2018

27th European Cardiology Conference

Rome, Italy
October 22-24, 2018

27th European Cardiology Conference

Rome, Italy
November 5-6, 2018

28th World Congress on Cardiology and Heart Diseases

Amsterdam, Netherlands
November 15-17, 2018

World Heart Rhythm Conference

Istanbul, Turkey
November 19-20, 2018

29th World Cardiology Conference

Edinburgh, Scotland
November 21-22, 2018

International Conference on Cardiovascular Diseases and Therapeutics

| Holiday Inn Paris - Marne la Vallée, Paris, France
November 21 - 22, 2018 |

6th World Congress on Hypertension and Public Health

Paris, France
December 06-07, 2018

6th Global Experts Meeting on Cardiovascular Pharmacology

Hanoi, Vietnam
February 18-19, 2019

30th European Heart Diseases and Heart Failure Congress

Amsterdam, Netherlands
Feb 28-March 01, 2019

World Cardiology Experts Meeting

Osaka, Japan
March 15-16, 2019

4th Global Summit on Heart Diseases

Singapore
March 18-20, 2019

Middle East Heart Congress

Dubai, UAE
March 27- 28, 2019

5 th World Heart Congress

Sydney, Australia

5th World Heart Congress

April 15-16 2019 Amsterdam, Netherlands
April 19-20, 2019

World Heart and Brain Congress

Chicago, USA
April 29 - May 01, 2019

4th World Heart Congress

Kyoto, Japan
June 17-19, 2019

31st Annual Cardiologists Conference

Rome, Italy
July 01-02, 2019

European Cardiology Congress

Prague | Czech Republic
August 19- 20, 2019

7th World Heart Congress

Vienna, Austria

Atherosclerosis - Gender difference Conference Speakers

Recommended Sessions

Related Journals

Are you interested in