Auto Antibodies

Auto-antibody is an antibody formed in response to, and reacting against, an antigenic constituent of the individual's own tissues. Several mechanisms may trigger the production of autoantibodies: an antigen, formed during fetal development and then sequestered, may be released as a result of infection, chemical exposure or trauma, as occurs in autoimmune thyroiditis, sympathetic uveitis and aspermia; there may be disorders of immune regulatory or surveillance function.      
 

Antibodies produced against certain streptococcal antigens during infection may cross-react with myocardial tissue, causing rheumatic heart disease, or with glomerular basement membrane, causing glomerulonephritis; and normal body proteins may be converted to auto-antigens by chemicals, infectious organisms, or therapeutic drugs.

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