Automation tools

SCADA systems are a type of Industrial Control System. They are used to gather information and exercise control from remote locations. In situations where integrated data procurement is as significant as control, SCADA systems are employed to monitor remote units. These systems find applications in distribution processes such as water supply and wastewater collection systems, oil and gas pipelines, electrical utility transmission, and rail and other public transportation systems. SCADA systems perform consolidated control for various process inputs and outputs by integrating Human Machine Interface (HMI) software and data transmission systems with data acquisition systems. The transfer of data between operator terminals, such as Remote Terminal Units (RTUs) and Programmable Logic Controllers (PLCs), and the central host computer is included in SCADA systems. A SCADA system collects relevant data, transfers the data back to a central site, then notifies the home station about the event, implementing the required analysis and control, and then displays the data in a logical and systematic manner using graphs or text, thus enabling the operator to control a whole process in real time.

Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) are relatively crude electronic models based on the neural structure of the brain. The brain learns from experience. Artificial neural networks try to mimic the functioning of brain. a neural network is the grouping of neurons into layers, the connections between these layers, and the summation and transfer functions that comprises a functioning neural network. The rate at which ANNs learn depends upon several controllable factors. A slower rate means more time to spend in producing an adequately trained system. With faster learning rates, however, the network may not be able to make the fine discriminations that are possible with a system learning slowly. The backpropagation (BP) algorithm is the most commonly used training method for feed forward networks. The electric power industry is currently undergoing an unprecedented reform. One of the most exciting and potentially profitable recent developments is increasing usage of ANN techniques. 

  • ANN - Artificial neural network
  • DCS - Distributed Control System
  • HMI - Human Machine Interface
  • SCADA - Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition
  • PLC - Programmable Logic Controller
  • Instrumentation
  • Motion Control
  • Robotics

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