Avian and Exotics
The term "exotic pet" is loosely defined as anything but cats, dogs, fish or horses. For veterinarians, the category generally consists of reptiles and amphibians, birds and small mammals. Exotic pets have become increasingly prevalent in last few years. Some of the most popular are those on the tame end of the spectrum—rabbits, turtles, hamsters, guinea pigs and even poultry. Exotics often offer advantages as alternative pets. They can be suitable for people with allergies to furry things, and many require less space than cats or dogs.
The avian sector has undergone major structural changes during the past two decades due to the introduction of modern intensive production methods, genetic improvements, improved preventive disease control and biosecurity measures, increasing income and human population, and urbanization. These changes offer tremendous opportunities for poultry producers, particularly smallholders, to improve their farm income.
Exotics may be considered any animal of a species that is non-native to and not normally domesticated, and that is produced, sold or kept as pets – that is, for display, amusement and/or companionship. Wild pets are offered for sale at markets in various parts of the world. Europe constitutes a very large market for pet reptiles. Between 2000 and 2005 imports into the EU of protected live reptiles represented 20% of this group in world trade at that time. According to trade statistics, between 2005 and 2007 the EU imported 6.7 million live reptiles. The RSPCA estimates that between 5.9 and 9.8 million live reptiles were imported into the EU in 2009 alone, a substantial rise from the 1.6 million imported in 2005. The majority of these animals were imported without any monitoring or control.
- Avian health and disease
- Nursing exotics and wildlife
- Causes of avian mortality
- Management of common diseases seen in reptiles in general practice
- Wildlife disease surveillance: Current situation and potential developments
- Avian and exotic medicines: Anesthesia and analgesia
- Diagnostic challenges in avian and exotics medicine