BA/BE on Biopharmaceutical Products& Market analysis

The assessment of BA/BE of different drug products is based on the fundamental assumption that two products are equivalent when the rate and extent of absorption of the test drug does not show a significant difference from the rate and extent of absorption of the reference drug when administered at the same molar dose of the therapeutic ingredient under similar experimental conditions in either a single dose or multiple doses. Should the rate of absorption actually differ between products, it would have to be intentional and reflected in the proposed product label and be clearly demonstrated that it is not essential in the attainment of effective body drug concentrations on chronic use or has been shown to be medically insignificant for the drug. In practice, equivalence is indicated when key pharmacokinetic parameters used to establish rate and extent of the test, and reference products fall within a preset confidence interval. The FDA declares a drug product to be therapeutically equivalent to the innovator product if it is pharmaceutically equivalent, i.e., same active ingredient, dosage form, strength and route of administration, and bioequivalent. Products that are therapeutically equivalent can be used interchangeably. Thus, BE studies are construed to be considered surrogates for comparative clinical trials for the assessment of therapeutic equivalence in safety and efficacy between two drug products

  • PK/PD studies
  • Drug Absorption and Distribution
  • Dissolution Studies
  • Bioequivalence Protocols : In vitro-In vivo correlation
  • Bio accessibility Factor

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