Basic separation techniques

In chemistry and chemical engineering, a separation process is used to transform a mixture of substances into two or more distinct products. The separated products could differ in chemical properties or some physical property, such as size, or crystal modification or other separation into different components. The suitability of a method depends on whether the mixture is a solution, solid-solid mixture, insoluble solid-liquid mixture or liquid-liquid immiscible mixture. In all cases the individual component usually retains its physical properties and this is what is exploited in separating it from the mixture. This track includes all the basic separation techniques like crystallization, distillation, centrifugation, filtration and other methods along with their advancements.


  • Filtration
  • Sublimation
  • Decantation
  • Precipitation
  • Distillation
  • Crystallization
  • Fractional crystallization
  • Chromatography
  • Separating funnel
  • Condensation
  • Condensation
  • Evaporation to dryness
  • Sieving
  • Mass spectrometry
  • Hybrid techniques
  • Thermal analysis

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