Bio-materials in ophthalmology

The ophthalmic biomaterials arena is a rapidly growing area for advanced biomaterials research with wide-spread clinical applications. The demand for advanced ophthalmic care (non-elective procedures such as cataract surgery, glaucoma surgery, age-relate macular disease treatments) is growing at a rapid pace. It’s a platform the gap between "research" and "development" of applied biomaterials in ophthalmology. The artificial materials currently used in ophthalmology are reviewed. Those include poly(methyl methacrylate) in contact lenses, keratoprostheses, and intraocular lenses; cellulose acetate butyrate and the siloxane-containing polymethacrylates in contact lenses; the silicones in contact lenses, scleral buckling materials, and drainage implants in glaucoma; the hydrogels for contact lenses and retinal surgery implants; and the cyanoacrylate adhesives for corneal perforations and ulcers. The properties of the materials and their relationship to ocular tissues, as well as the advantages and disadvantages of their use in the eye are discussed. Probable future advances of biomaterials in ophthalmology.

  • Contact lens
  • Intraocular lens
  • Epikeratoplasty
  • Scleral buckling materials
  • Viscous polymer solutions

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