Bio Psychosocial Approach

The biopsychosocial approach is a broader view for detailed description of disease. Various biological factors, psychological factors and social factors.  . The advantages of the BPS model are found in its holism, awareness of levels including diverse perspectives. Its advocates argue for the importance  in thinking about and treating disease via a BPS lens by pointing out that social, behavioral and other factors play an obvious and major role in human health the BPS model is the basic framework for understanding health and illness. Within psychology, some have argued that the biopsychosocial framework provides the central pathway to differentiate the field of professional psychology

In a 1977, through a science article psychiatrist George L. Engel called for "the need for a new medical model." Engel discussed a hypothetical patient, a 55-year-old man sustaining a second heart attack six months after his first.He described the commonsense observation that nature is a "hierarchically arranged continuing with its more complex, larger units superordinate on the less complex smaller units." He represents them schematically as a vertical stack or as a nest of squares, with the simplest at the center and the most complex on the outside, subdividing the vertical stack into two. The first starts with subatomic particles and ends with the individual person and second starts with the person and finishes with the biosphere. The first one is organismic hierarchy, and second one is social hierarchy. He then sketch out some principles .The model has a general framework to guide theoretical and empirical exploration, which mastered a great deal of research since Engel's 1977 article.


  • Genetic approach
  • Biochemical approach
  • Behavioral approach
  • Personality approach
  • Socioeconomic approach
  • Cultural approach
  • Familiar approach

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