Biobank in Microbiology

Millions of biological samples, including cells of human, animal or bacterial origin, viruses, serum/plasma or DNA/RNA, are stored every year throughout the world for diagnostics and research. The purpose of this review is to summarize the resources necessary to set up a bio-banking facility, the challenges and pitfalls of sample collection, and the most important techniques for separation and storage of samples. Biological samples can be stored for up to 30 years, but specific protocols are required to reduce the damage induced by preservation techniques. Software dedicated to biological banks facilitate sample registration and identification, the cataloguing of sample properties (type of sample/specimen, associated diseases and/or therapeutic protocols, environmental information, etc.), sample tracking, quality assurance and specimen availability. Bio-bank facilities must adopt good laboratory practices and a stringent quality control system and, when required, comply with ethical issues.

Biomarkers & Diagnostics World Congress Philadelphia, USA, Bioinformatics for Big Data San Francisco, USA, Immuno-Oncology London UK, Next-Generation Cancer Immunotherapies San Diego, USA, ESBB conference Johannesburg, South Africa, Stem Cells: from Basic Biology to Therapeutic Application Suzhou, China, Molecular and Cellular Basis of Growth and Regeneration (A3) Breckenridge, Colorado, USA, The Stem Cell Niche–Development & Disease Hillerød, Denmark, Germline Stem Cells Conference, Abcam meeting before ISSCR San Francisco, California, USA, World Conference on Regenerative Medicine 2015 Leipzig Germany.

According to estimates from the World Bank, global healthcare spending increased at a CAGR of 6.97% from 2003 to 2013, from USD 3,786 Billion in 2003 to USD 7,427 Billion in 2013. In this period, public healthcare spending increased at a CAGR of 7.28%, from USD 2,198 Billion in 2003 to USD 4,440 Billion in 2013. This high growth rate, along with the substantial size of healthcare spending, will act as an important driver for biobanks, hospitals and gene banks, which are the major end-user segments of the biopreservation media & equipment market.

Biobanking intended as the process of collecting, treating, and long-term storing biological samples, represents an essential tool for biological, biomedical and industrial research and for laboratory diagnostics. Biobanking plays an important role in microbiology for organizing repositories of human or animal cell lines or microorganisms which are used for diagnostic and research procedures and also collection of microorganisms aiming at characterizing microbial diversity and microbial evolution in the world.

  • AIDS Biobank
  • Storage of viable microorganisms
  • Biobanking in microbiology for medical research
  • Biobanking in Viral research
  • Ebola biobank

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