Biochemistry of Marine Animals

Deep-sea ecosystems contain unique endemic species whose distributions show strong vertical patterning in the case of pelagic animals and sharp horizontal patterning in the case of benthic animals living in or near the deep-sea hypothermal vents. This review discusses the biochemical adaptations that enable deep-sea animals to exploit diverse deep-sea habitats and that help establish biogeographic patterning in the deep-sea. The abilities of deep-sea animals to tolerate the pressure and temperature conditions of deep-sea habitats are due to pervasive adaptations at the biochemical level: enzymes exhibit reduced perturbation of function by pressure; membranes have fluidities adapted to deep-sea pressures and temperatures, and proteins show enhanced structural stability relative to homologous proteins from cold-adapted shallow-living species. Animals from the warmest habitable regions of hydrothermal vent ecosystems have enzymes and mitochondria adapted to high pressure and relatively high temperatures. The low metabolic rates of bathypelagic fishes correlate with greatly reduced capacities for ATP turnover in locomotory muscle. Reduced light and food availability in bathypelagic regions select for low rates of energy expenditure in locomotory activity. Deep-sea animals thus reflect the importance of biochemical adaptations in establishing species distribution patterns and appropriate rates of metabolic turnover in different ecosystems.

  • Molecular basis of behavioural and physiological responses of marine animals
  • Evolution of molecular signalling and control system of marine animals
  • Biochemical ecology of deep sea animals
  • Comparative biochemiatry of marine animals

Related Conference of Biochemistry of Marine Animals

May 24-25, 2018

11th Global Summit on Aquaculture & Fisheries

Osaka, Japan
02-03 July 2018

11th International Veterinary Congress

Berlin, Germany
July 25-26, 2018

21st International Conference on Food & Nutrition

Vancouver, Canada
July 26-27, 2018

European Food Chemistry Congress

Amsterdam, Netherlands
September 19-20, 2018

12th World Congress on Aquaculture & Fisheries

Hong Kong
August 28-29, 2018

World Aquaculture and Fisheries Congress

Amsterdam, Netherlands
September 10-12, 2018

13th International Conference on Agriculture & Horticulture

Zurich, Switzerland
September 17-19, 2018

9th International conference on Fisheries & Aquaculture

Vancouver | British Columbia | Canada
October 11-12, 2018

21st European Biotechnology Congress

Moscow, Russia
October 15-16, 2018

World Food Science and Technology Congress

Greece, Athens
October 18-19, 2018

European Aqua Congress

Paris, France
October 26-27, 2018

Global Summit on Agriculture Technology and Food Science

Boston, Massachusetts, USA
October 29-30, 2018

6th Global Summit on Plant Science

Valencia, Spain
November 12-13, 2018

4th International Conference on Livestock Nutrition

Melbourne, Australia
November 12-13, 2018

13th World Congress on Aquaculture & Fisheries

Melbourne, Australia
November 22-23, 2018

International Conference on Agriculture, Food and Aqua

Cape Town, South Africa
November 29-30, 2018

14th Annual Conference on Crop Science and Agriculture

Bali, Indonesia

21st Global Summit on Food Processing, Safety & Technology

September 28-29, 2018 Chicago, Illinois, USA
December 10-12, 2018

World Congress on Food and Nutrition

Dubai, UAE
November 29-30, 2018

3rdInternational Conference on Food Microbiology

Dublin, Ireland
November 29-30, 2018

9th European Food Safety & Standards Conference

Dublin, Ireland
April 08-09, 2019 |

Agriculture & Horticulture 2019

Prague, Czech Republic

Biochemistry of Marine Animals Conference Speakers

Recommended Sessions

Related Journals

Are you interested in