Biodegradable and biocompatible polymer materials

In recent years, there has been a marked increase in interest in biodegradable materials for use in packaging, agriculture, medicine, and other areas. In particular, biodegradable polymer materials (known as biocomposites) are of interest. Polymers form the backbones of plastic materials, and are continually being employed in an expanding range of areas. As a result, many researchers are investing time into modifying traditional materials to make them more user-friendly, and into designing novel polymer composites out of naturally occurring materials. A number of biological materials may be incorporated into biodegradable polymer materials, with the most common being starch and fiber extracted from various types of plants. The belief is that biodegradable polymer materials will reduce the need for synthetic polymer production (thus reducing pollution) at a low cost, thereby producing a positive effect both environmentally and economically. Synthetic plastics are resistant to degradation, and consequently their disposal is fuelling an international drive for the development of biodegradable polymers. As the development of these materials continues, industry must find novel applications for them. Material usage and final mode of biodegradation are dependent on the composition and processing method employed. An integrated waste management system may be necessary in order to efficiently use, recycle, and dispose of biopolymer materials (Subramanian 2000). Reduction in the consumption of sources, reuse of existing materials, and recycling of discarded materials must all be considered.

  • Green and sustainable polymers
  • Polymers at Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Thermoplastic Elastomers

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