Biodiversity and Ecosystem

Ecosystem functioning reflects the collective life activities of plants, animals, and microbes and the effects these activities feeding, growing, moving, excreting waste, etc. have on the physical and chemical conditions of their environment. (Note that functioning means showing activity and does not imply that organisms perform purposeful roles in ecosystem-level processes.) A functioning ecosystem is one that exhibits biological and chemical activities characteristic for its type. Ecologists abstract the essential features of an ecosystem into two compartments, the biotic and the abiotic. The biotic compartment consists of the community of species, which can be divided functionally into plant producers, the consumers that feed on producers and on each other, and the decomposers. The abiotic compartment consists of organic and inorganic nutrient pools. Energy and materials move between these two compartments, as well as into and out of the system. Comparing different ecosystems is likely to yield an unclear result because the response to variations in biodiversity cannot easily be distinguished from responses caused by variations in environmental and other factors. [biodiversity conferences USA] explained very well about Biodiversity & Ecosystem.

Related Conferences: 5th International Conference on Earth Science & Climate Change July 25-27, 2016, Thailand; 2nd International Conference on Green Energy & Expo November 28-30, 2016, USA; International Conference on Pollution Control & Sustainable Environment April 25-26, 2016, UAE; 4th International Conference on Oceanography & Marine Biology July 18-20, 2016, Australia; The 2nd Conference on Biodiversity and Ecosystem, June 1-3, 2016, China; Conference on Biodiversity and Ecosystems, June 1-3, 2016, Austria; 18th International Conference on Biodiversity and Ecosystems, March 30-31, 2016, Turkey; GEO BON Open Science Conference: Biodiversity and Ecosystems, July 4-9, 2016, Germany; The International Society for Ecological Modelling Global Conference, May 8-12, 2016, USA.

The diversity of species and genes in ecological communities affects the functioning of these communities. These ecological effects of biodiversity in turn are affected by both climate change through enhanced greenhouse gases, aerosols and loss of land cover, and biological diversity, causing a rapid loss of ecosystems and extinctions of species and local populations. The current rate of extinction is sometimes considered a mass extinction, with current species extinction rates on the order of 100 to 1000 times as high as in the past. 

  • Ecology & Evolution
  • Mathematics, Statistics & Quantitative Ecology
  • Biosphere & Biomes
  • Ecological Informatics & Modelling
  • Restoration Ecology
  • Economics of Ecosystem and Biodiversity
  • Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services

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