Bioenergy utilization: strategies and sustainability

Currently, the use Renewable Energy (RE) has been encouraged in many countries because of its sustainability and environmental benefits. One of RE source that is considered as the largest energy potential is biomass. Biomass is a renewable resource that can be utilized as an energy carrier as well as for the production of materials. Due to the limited availability of fossil fuels, the biomass demand is expected to rise significantly in the future. Today, 10% of global energy supply and 3.5% of road transport fuel is provided by Bio-energy and its projected growth is 27% as transportation fuel by 2050. Sustainability is an important tool to ensure bioenergy development with maximized benefits and minimized negative environmental and socio-economic impacts. The use of biomass is thus linked to considerable societal and ecological impacts that constitute major challenges with regard to a sustainable development and to the avoidance of competitions for the utilization of disposable surfaces and resources. Biomass production can be sustainable, if the method of land management is adapted to the site and its natural conditions. The biomass industry is moving from a technology-driven phase to a market-led phase. Enhanced efforts in bioenergy research and development are regarded as essential for the development of strong and sustainable bioenergy sectors.

The most promising pathways from a Sustainable Development perspective are those that use locally available biomass residues from forestry, forest industry as well as from agriculture, by-products from related industries and biogenic waste streams and which employ highly efficient conversion processes and technologies. Bioenergy was historically assumed to be carbon neutral based on the notion that any carbon released by the fuel when burned would be taken up by the regrowth of the plant that had been consumed as fuel. Some types of bioenergy fit this category, including sawdust and wood waste and some agricultural residues.

  • Bioenergy national policies and strategies for int.cooperation
  • Bioenergy market and international trade
  • Biofuel market
  • Socio-economic assessment of biomass and bioenergy
  • Environmental sustainability of biomass and bioenergy

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