Biofuels and Biorefinery

Track-8: Biofuels and Biorefinery

Biorefining industries produce heat, fuel, power and different chemicals. The products are prepared from biomass, such as forest-based materials and food waste. A bio refinery is a capability that assimilates biomass conversion processes and equipment to produce heat, fuels, power and value-added chemicals from biomass, production, new approaches are in research & developments are made every day. The bio-refinery model is similar to today's petroleum refinery, which yield multiple products and fuels from petroleum. Sustainable economic advance requires harmless resources for industrial manufacture, as bio refineries combines the essential technologies stuck between industrial intermediates, bio-raw materials and final products.

Development and Research in early field of biorefinery are utmost prominent in United States,  Europe (Kamm et al. 1998, 2000) to provide at least 25% organic carbon-based industrial feedstock chemicals, 10%liquid fuels from bio-based product industry. BCC Research estimates that the worldwide demand for bio products will rise at a double-digit compound yearly growth proportion (CAGR) of 12.6% over the following five years to reach $700.7 billion in 2018 from $387.6 billion in 2013, when it will reach a market dispersion rate of 5.5% in 2018, from a projected rate of 4.2% in 2013. Blue Marble Energy, established in 2007, is a U.S. based company which exploits hybridized microbial associations to produce specialty renewable and biochemical biogas. Their company operation is to displace oil with completely renewable, carbon neutral substitutes utilizing nature-based clarifications.

 

Biorefinery is a broad term referring to the conversion of a wide range of different bio based feedstock’s  to a wide range of products, including food, feed, chemicals, materials, and energy (fuels, energy and heat). The feedstock can include trees, energy crops such as switch grass, and agricultural products such as grain and waste products such as municipal waste. A biorefinery may be a single processing plant or a cluster of facilities, which are integrated together. It may use one feedstock or many and may use biochemical conversion, thermochemical conversion or a combination of the two. Biorefining has been a common practice among many traditional biomass industries for many years.

  • Nutraceutical products
  • Green technology
  • Biofuel
  • Bio-based products
  • Valorisation of pulp & paper industry by-products
  • Microbial bioconversions
  • Extraction of antioxidants
  • Applied Energy
  • Liquid biofuels & Biomass

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