Biomass Applications

Biomass is pre-treated and then transformed to synthesis gas via gasification. The resulting syngas is then cleaned preliminary to conversion to liquid biofuels, typically via Fischer Tropsch or the Mobil process. There are two main biomass-based liquid propellant in the market place today, ethanol and biodiesel. Some 20 Mm 3 y -1 of ethanol is produced with an energy content of 425 PJ, manufacturing this the second most important biofuel. A much smaller amount of biodiesel is used in the USA and Europe. Generally a tonne of cane produces between 125 and 140 kg of raw sugar, or between 70 and 80 litres of ethanol, although a tonne of maize, with about 70% to 75% starch content, will produce between 440 and 460 L t -1 with wet and dry corn crushing, respectively.

Electricity produced from biomass fuels is considered to be renewable, because carbon dioxide produced by the generation process is sequestered again when the biomass crop (or other biomass source) grows. Globally, biomass provides approximately 15% of the primary energy needs. Plants are generally applied as combined heat and power (CHP), where heat produced is utilised in industrial processes or district heating.

  • Trending Research from Biomass
  • Jet fuel for Heavy Machines from Biomass
  • Liquid Biofuels from Biomas
  • Cellulosic Ethanol from Biomass

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