Bioplastics Types

Thermoplastic starch currently represents the most widely used bioplastic, constituting about 50 percent of the bioplastics market. Simple starch bioplastic can be made at home. Pure starch is able to absorb humidity, and is thus a suitable material for the production of drug capsules by the pharmaceutical sector. Cellulose bioplastics are mainly the cellulose esters, (including cellulose acetate and nitrocellulose) and their derivatives, including celluloid. Bio-derivation of polyethylene can also reduce greenhouse gas emissions considerably. The second generation bioplastics manufacturing technologies under development employ the "plant factory" model, using genetically modified crops or genetically modified bacteria to optimise efficiency. According to a new market research report “Biodegradable Plastics Market by Type (PLA, PHA, PBS, Starch-Based Plastics, Regenerated Cellulose, PCL), by Application (Packaging, Fibers, Agriculture, Injection Molding, and Others) - Global Trends & Forecasts to 2020” the biodegradable plastics market is projected to grow from more than USD 2.0 Billion in 2015 to USD 3.4 Billion by 2020, at a CAGR of 10.8% between 2015 and 2020.

Plastics, in addition to polymers, contain other materials and substances or additives, which jointly determine the possibility of processing and final characteristics of the product. These can be additives to stabilise the materials, lubricants, pigments (colourants), various fillers, and more. Although these additions represent a small percentage of all materials in plastics, it is extremely important for biodegradable plastics that also all added components are biodegradable. According to the standards for compostable plastics, it is necessary to test every additive, as well as other substances that are present in the end product (e.g. dye for printing).

  • Starch-based Plastic
  • Cellulous Based Bioplastics
  • Aliphatic Polysters
  • Bio-derived Polyethylene
  • Genetically Modified Bioplastics
  • Sustainable Plastics
  • Protein Based Bioplastics

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