Blood Bank Transfusion

Blood bank transfusion is usually the process of receiving blood or blood products into one's circulation intravenously. Transfusions are used for several medical situations to substitute lost components of the blood. Early transfusions used whole blood, but contemporary medical practice generally uses only components of the blood, such as red blood cells (RBCs), white blood cells (WBCs), platelets, plasma and clotting factors.

While the first transfusions had to be made directly from donor to receiver earlier coagulation, it was discovered that by adding anticoagulant and refrigerating the blood it was likely to store it for some days, thus opening the way for the advancement of blood banks.  The first non-direct transfusion was performed with the diluted solution of blood. Later a much less dilute solution was used but both used sodium citrate as an anticoagulant.

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