Blood Disorders: Diagnosis and Treatment

For the principle detection of blood disorders, a Physician generally go for Complete blood count (CBC). This is the basic test after that to diagnose a person's blood disorder, the doctor usually must do further blood tests Once a doctor/consultant finds that something is wrong with the blood cell types, many additional tests are available for further detection of disease. Doctors can measure proportion of the different types of WBCs (white blood cells) and can also determine subtypes of these cells by assessing certain markers on the surface of the cells. Assessments are made to measure the capacity of white blood cells to fight foreign body/ infection, to evaluate the functioning of blood platelets and their ability to clot and to check the contents of red blood cells to help determine the cause of anaemia or why the cells are not functioning properly. Most of these tests are done on blood samples, but sometime require a bone marrow sample as well for Bone Marrow Examination. Based on the diagnosis, Hematologists go for the apt treatment for specific problem.  Present days we have numerous approaches to treat blood malignancies such as Chemotherapy, Radiation therapy etc. Today’s advanced procedures such as gene therapy is being used to treat Blood ailments. Investigators are endeavouring to search out ways that to correct the defective genes that cause Blood Disorders. Nevertheless, Gene therapy hasn't established to the resolve that it's accepted therapy for Blood Disorder. Though, investigators still take a look at gene therapy in clinical trials. Bone Marrow Transplantation, Hematopoietic stem cell therapy and Cord blood transplantation are new rising varieties of treatment for blood disorders

  • Bone Marrow Transplantation
  • Hematopoietic stem cell therapy
  • Cord blood transplantation
  • Gene therapy
  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiation therapy

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