Brain Tumor in Children

Astrocytomas form from star-shaped brain cells called astrocytes. They can be cancerous and low-grade (more common in children) or high-grade (more common in adults). Ependymomas are cancerous tumors that form from part of the central nervous system called the ependyma. They also can be low-grade or high-grade. Brainstem gliomas form in the tissue of the brainstem, the part of the brain that connects to the spine. They can be cancerous and are typically high-grade and fast-growing. Medulloblastomas or primitive neuroectodermal tumors (PNETs) are cancerous, high-grade tumors that start in the posterior fossa, a part of the brain near the base of the skull. Craniopharyngiomas are non-cancerous tumors that form at the base of the brain near the pituitary gland. Germ cell tumors usually form in the testes or ovaries but can also form in the brain and central nervous system. They can be cancerous. Pontine gliomas are cancerous, high-grade tumors that form in a part of the brainstem called the pons. Optic nerve gliomas form in or around the optic nerve, which connects the eye to the brain. Most optic nerve gliomas are noncancerous and slow-growing.

Pediatric brain tumors are masses or growths of abnormal cells that occur in the brain or the tissue and structures that are near it. Many different types of pediatric brain tumors exist. some are noncancerous (benign) and some are cancerous (malignant).

Astrocytomas form from star-shaped brain cells called astrocytes. They can be cancerous and low-grade (more common in children) or high-grade (more common in adults). Ependymomas are cancerous tumors that form from part of the central nervous system called the ependyma. They also can be low-grade or high-grade. Brainstem gliomas form in the tissue of the brainstem, the part of the brain that connects to the spine. They can be cancerous and are typically high-grade and fast-growing. Medulloblastomas or primitive neuroectodermal tumors (PNETs) are cancerous, high-grade tumors that start in the posterior fossa, a part of the brain near the base of the skull. Craniopharyngiomas are non-cancerous tumors that form at the base of the brain near the pituitary gland. Germ cell tumors usually form in the testes or ovaries but can also form in the brain and central nervous system. They can be cancerous. Pontine gliomas are cancerous, high-grade tumors that form in a part of the brainstem called the pons. Optic nerve gliomas form in or around the optic nerve, which connects the eye to the brain. Most optic nerve gliomas are noncancerous and slow-growing.

  • Astrocytomas
  • Ependymomas
  • Brain stem gliomas
  • Medulloblastomas or primitive neuroectodermal tumors
  • Craniopharyngiomas
  • Germ cell tumors
  • Pontine gliomas
  • Optic nerve gliomas

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