Clinical Genomics

\r\n Clinical Genomics is the use of genome sequencing to inform patient diagnosis and care. The California Initiative to Advance Precision Medicine has just been launched, and it is being headed by UCSF’s high profile recent hire, Atul Butte.
\r\n American College of Medical Genetics, formed in 1991 to help improve health through medical genetics, regularly publishes a list of internationally-recognized standards and guidelines describing best practices for testing using genetic approaches. In addition, the International Standards for Cytogenomic Arrays (ISCA) Consortium, of which OGT is a member, is a growing group of molecular genetics laboratories actively working towards improving healthcare through the establishment of guidelines for molecular testing, including the creation of standardized a CGH arrays for clinical genetics research. The Cancer Cytogenomics Microarray Consortium (CCMC) is a similar group, recently founded with the goal of maximizing the benefits provided by microarrays for cancer research. These groups continue to work towards outlining a set of standards to ensure that molecular techniques improve and enhance the services provided by clinical research laboratories.
\r\n The global market for Clinical Genomics is expected to reach USD 22.1 billion by 2020, growing at an estimated CAGR of 10.3% from 2014 to 2020, according to a new study by Grand View Research, Inc.
\r\n Genomics based personalized medicine segment on the other hand is expected to grow at the fastest CAGR of over 12.0% from 2014 to 2020 due to increasing demand for population based therapeutic solutions and subsequent increase in R&D initiatives. Australian Genome Research Facility (Australia), Baylor College of Medicine Human Genome Sequencing Center (Houston, TX, USA), BC Genome Sciences Centre (BCGSC) – Vancouver, BC, Canada, Beijing Genomics Institute (BGI) – China, Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard – Boston, MA, USA, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL) – Cold Spring Harbor, NY, USA, DOE Joint Genome Institute (JGI) – Walnut Creek, CA, USA, Garvan Institute – Australia, Genome Analysis Center (TGAC) - Norwich, UK, Genome Institute at Washington University (TGI) – St. Louis, MO, USA.

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Genomic healthcare uses many pieces of genetic information to refine diagnoses, individualize treatments, prevent adverse drug effects, manage epidemics and develop new therapies. The incorporation of whole-genome and whole-exome sequencing into clinical practice will undoubtedly change the way genetic counselors and other clinicians approach genetic testing. Genomics play an imperative role in the field of infectious disease testing by enabling the use of fast and effective result rendering molecular diagnostic tests. Genomics based diagnostics dominated the overall market in terms of revenue at 36.4% in 2013 majorly owing to the presence of a relatively larger number of R&D programs.

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