Co-infections associated with STD

Co-infections are the simultaneous infections of a host by multiple pathogen species. There are different co-infections that are associated with STD especially with HIV which leads to lethal condition and worsens the condition of the individual. Co-infection is of particular human health importance because these pathogen species can interact within the host. The net effect of the co-infection on human health is thought to be negative but these Interactions can have either positive or negative effects on other parasites. Under positive parasite interactions, disease transmission and progression are enhanced which is also known as syndemism and in negative parasite interactions include microbial interference when one bacterial species suppresses the virulence or colonisation of other bacteria

Co-infections are the simultaneous infections of a host by multiple pathogen species. There are different co-infections that are associated with STD especially with HIV which leads to lethal condition and worsens the condition of the individual. Co-infection is of particular human health importance because these pathogen species can interact within the host. The net effect of the co-infection on human health is thought to be negative but these Interactions can have either positive or negative effects on other parasites. Under positive parasite interactions, disease transmission and progression are enhanced which is also known as syndemism and in negative parasite interactions include microbial interference when one bacterial species suppresses the virulence or colonisation of other bacteria

  • Tuberculosis
  • Hepatitis B
  • Cryptococcosis
  • Multifocal leukoencephalopathy
  • Ageing and HIV
  • Cancer
  • Mental and emotional health problems
  • Opportunistic infections
  • Kidney problems
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Neurological and cognitive problems
  • Chemsex and recreational drug use
  • Bone problems
  • Lipodystrophy
  • Lung disease
  • Diabetes

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