Community Ecology

Community Ecology, investigation of the association and working of communities, which are gatherings of collaborating populaces of the species living inside a specific territory or natural surroundings. A populace of a solitary animal varieties can't make due without anyone else's input on the grounds that there is entomb reliance of one type of life on another. A collection of populaces of various species living respectively (in bury reliance) in a particular territory, having a particular arrangement of ecological conditions establish a biotic community e.g., the different plants and creatures in a lake or lake comprise one biotic network though the plants and creatures in a specific timberland comprise another biotic network. Comprehensively, there are two kinds of Communities.

 (a). Major Community:

It is a large community which is self regulating, self sustaining and independent unit comprising of a number of minor commu­nities in it. Examples of major communities are : a pond, a lake, a forest, a desert, a meadow and grassland. Each of these major communities in­cludes several minor communities.

 (b) Minor Community:

It is a smaller community which is not a self sustain­ing unit. It is dependent on other communities for its existence. The major community exemplified by a forest has many minor communities namely the plant community (the plant population of the forest), the animal community (the animal population of the forest) and the microbial com­munity (bacteria and fungi population).

 

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