Complex regional pain syndrome

Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is a chronic pain condition, causing intense pain, usually in the arms, hands, legs, or feet. It may happen after an injury, either after damage to a nerve or to tissue in the affected area. Rest and time may only make it worse.

  • The cause of CRPS is unknown.
  • There is no specific diagnostic test.
  • Diagnosis solely based on sign and symptoms

Types of CRPS:-

Type 1: An apparently trivial injury, such as a fractured or sprained ankle, has occurred, but with no confirmed nerve damage. This type was previously known as reflex sympathetic dystrophy.

Type 2:- This may emerge after breaking a bone, having surgery, or after a serious infection. There is clear evidence of nerve damage. This type was previously known as causalgia.

Symptoms in the affected area includes:-

  • Dramatic changes in skin temperature, color, or texture
  • Intense burning pain
  • Extreme skin sensitivity
  • Swelling and stiffness in affected joints
  • Decreased ability to move the affected body part
  • Sensitivity to touch heat or cold.

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