Congenital Heart Diseases

congenital heart defect is a problem with the structure of the heart which is present since birth. Congenital heart defects are the most common type of birth defects. The defects can involve the walls of the heart, the valves of the heart, and the arteries and veins near the heart. They can disrupt the normal flow of blood through the heart. Atherosclerosis is a condition that occurs when a substance called plaque builds up in the arteries’ walls. This build-up reduces the width of the arteries, making it difficult for blood to flow through. If a blood clot occurs, it can cease the blood flow. This can result in a heart attack or stroke. Some heart defects also exist in individuals due to birth defects.

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