Counselling Psychology Current Theories

Counselling Psychology is a specific field of psychology that focuses on a wide variety of mental health issues. Although counselling psychologists mainly deal with clients suffering from depression, anxiety, family or social problems, or vocational problems, counselling psychologists are also trained to treat mental problems that would be considered more severe such as schizophrenia. Counselling psychologists differ from other branches in psychology because of their approach to mental illness. They focus on wellness and strengths of individuals rather than mental deficiencies. Counselling psychology was developed using many of the techniques and theories of other psychologists. Psychometrics, or psychological testing, was also an important factor in the history of counselling psychology. The current theories include psychodynamic Therapy & other therapies, psychotherapy Theories, cognitive approaches, behavioural approaches, affective approaches in Counselling psychology.

A theory of psychotherapy acts as a roadmap for psychologists: It guides them through the process of understanding clients and their problems and developing solutions. Behaviour therapy. This approach focuses on learning's role in developing both normal and abnormal behaviours Cognitive therapy emphasizes what people think rather than what they do. Psychodynamic therapy, also known as insight-oriented therapy, focuses on unconscious processes as they are manifested in a person’s present behaviour. 

Counseling in its widest connotation existed in one form or the other from time immemorial. In all cultures the elders not only set the norms of behavior within that culture but also counseled the youngsters to follow the norms. In India, elders especially parents and teachers thought that imparting counseling in the form of advice and guidance was one of their fundamental, and seared duty. This track deals with the following:  psychodynamic Therapy & other therapies, psychotherapy Theories, cognitive approaches, behavioral approaches, affective approaches.

  • Psychodynamic Therapy & other therapies
  • Psychotherapy Theories
  • Cognitive approaches
  • Behavioral approaches
  • Affective approaches

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