Crop & Soil Science

Crop science is concerned with selection and improvement of crops. It includes research and development on production techniques, improving agriculture productivity, soil fertility, maintenance, protection, harvesting and storage aspects of post-harvest, pest management. Soil fertility is ability of soil to provide all essential plant nutrients in available forms and in a suitable balance, it support luxuriant growth of plants with very little human effort. It contains sufficient minerals, soil organic matter, and good soil structure and soil moisture retention. Soil fertility is of two type’s permanent and temporary fertility. Humans are depended on plants or crops for food, fibber and more recently for fuel. Crop production is deals with growing crops for use as food, fibre and other use and Crop productivity is the quantitative measure of crop yield in given measured area of field. The use of new crop varieties and the efficient application of agrochemicals, immensely contributed to increased plant productivity. Demand of crop production is rising because of increasing population. So the market value of crop is also increasing day by day.

  • Crop production
  • Crop genetics and crop breeding
  • Seed technology
  • Pesticide and fertilizers
  • Cotton research
  • Soil science

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