Dental Materials, Cosmetic Dentistry and Techniques

Dental materials are specially designed materials, used in dentistry which includes Temporary dressings, Cements and Impression Materials.

  •  Temporary dressings: Temporary dressing occurs if root canal therapy is carried out over more than one appointment for protecting pulp canal from oral cavity.
  • Cements: These are used to bond indirect restorations such as crowns to the natural tooth surface.
  • Impression Materials: Dental impressions are negative imprints of teeth and oral soft tissues from which a positive representation can be cast. Common dental impression materials includes sodium alginate, silicones, polyether

Cosmetic dentistry is generally works to improve the appearance of teeth, gums and bite. It majorly focuses on improving the dental aesthetics in colour, position, shape, size, alignment and overall smile appearance. Common cosmetic dentistry options includes

  • Adding of a dental material to teeth or gums – examples: bonding, porcelain veneers (laminates), crowns (caps), gum grafts
  • Removing of tooth structure or gums – examples: enameloplasty, gingivectomy
  • Not using dental material to tooth structure, or gums – examples: teeth whitening (bleaching), laser whitening, gum depigmentation
  • straightening of teeth followed by improvement in face appearance– orthodontics 


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