Diabetes: Diagnosis and Treatment

Diabetes is classified as type 1 diabetes mellitus and type 2 diabetes mellitus bases on etiology. The diagnosis is based on the measurement of A1C level, fasting or random blood glucose level, or oral glucose tolerance testing. Diabetes can be diagnosed if the patient has a fasting blood glucose level of 126 mg per dL (7.0 mmol per L) or greater on two separate occasions. The diagnosis of Type 2 diabetes include Glycated hemoglobin (A1C) test, Random blood sugar test, Fasting blood sugar test, Oral glucose tolerance test.

Diagnosis should be followed with treatment which includes healthy eating, regular exercise, diabetes medication or insulin therapy, blood sugar monitoring.

  • Medication
  • Nutrition and diet
  • Lifestyle changes
  • Glucose monitoring

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