Diagnosis Techniques for Pediatric malnutrition

Diagnosis of infectious disease is nearly always initiated by medical history and physical examination in Pediatrics. More detailed identification techniques involve the culture of infectious agents isolated from a patient. Culture allows identification of infectious organisms by examining their microscopic features, by detecting the presence of substances produced by pathogens, and by directly identifying an organism by its genotype. Other techniques (such as X-rays, CAT scans, PET scans or NMR) are used to produce images of internal abnormalities resulting from the growth of an infectious agent. The images are useful in detection of, for example, a bone abscess or a spongiform encephalopathy produced by a prion.

Pediatric malnutrition is diagnosed based on certain factors like duration and precipitating causes if any. Clinical history and symptoms of malnutrition are often the major determinants of malnutrition and there is little role of diagnostic and imaging studies in evaluation of malnutrition. Diagnostic tests and imaging studies may be needed to rule out deeper causes or illnesses that may have led to the malnourished state.

Diagnosis of infectious disease is nearly always initiated by medical history and physical examination in Pediatrics. More detailed identification techniques involve the culture of infectious agents isolated from a patient. Culture allows identification of infectious organisms by examining their microscopic features, by detecting the presence of substances produced by pathogens, and by directly identifying an organism by its genotype. Other techniques (such as X-rays, CAT scans, PET scans or NMR) are used to produce images of internal abnormalities resulting from the growth of an infectious agent. The images are useful in detection of, for example, a bone abscess or a spongiform encephalopathy produced by a prion.

  • Blood tests in children
  • Body mass index (BMI)
  • Endoscopy
  • Ultrasound
  • Mid-upper arm diameter
  • Thyroid function tests
  • Levels of cholesterol and albumin
  • Estimation of Calcium, Phosphate, Zinc and vitamins

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Diagnosis Techniques for Pediatric malnutrition Conference Speakers