Diagnostic and Clinical Analysis

Treatment is typically with moisturizers and steroid creams. If these are not effective, creams based on calcineurin inhibitors may be used. The disease was estimated as of 2010 to affect 230 million people globally (3.5% of the population).While dermatitis is not life-threatening, a number of other illnesses have been linked to the condition, including osteoporosis, depression, and heart disease. Diagnosis of eczema is based mostly on the history and physical examination. Skin biopsy may be useful. Those with eczema may be especially prone to misdiagnosis of food allergies. Patch tests are used in the diagnosis of allergic contact dermatitis. There is no good evidence that a mother's diet during pregnancy, the formula used, or breastfeeding changes the risk. There is tentative evidence that probiotics in infancy may reduce rates but it is insufficient to recommend its use. People with eczema should not get the smallpox vaccination due to risk of developing, a potentially severe and sometimes fatal complication.




  • Immunosuppressant creams
  • Skin biopsy and blood draw
  • Phototherapy
  • Corticosteroid creams and ointments
  • Medications that affect the immune system
  • Removing the remaining color (depigmentation)
  • Combined medication and light therapy
  • Dermoscopy

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