Drugs Acting on COPD

Many treatments can help ease the symptoms and slow the progression of the illness. There are several paths for the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. However, lifestyle changes and treatments can help you feel better, stay more active, and slow the progress of the disease. Health care provider may prescribe medications to control the symptoms of COPD like bronchodilators, anti-inflammatories, and antibiotics. The main therapeutic options for the management of COPD are inhaled corticosteroids and bronchodilators. Inhaled corticosteroids significantly reduce inflammatory cells in the lungs, as well as systemic inflammatory markers such as C-reactive protein, compared with placebo. The goals of COPD treatment include relieving symptoms, slowing the progress of the disease, preventing and treating complications, and improving overall health status. In patients with COPD bronchodilators improve lung function to some extent and relieve dyspnea. Within short-acting   bronchodilators, ipratropium is as effective as salbutamol (sympathomimetic agent) with fewer adverse effects. Presently, maintenance therapy is based on long-acting inhaled bronchodilators.

Oral and inhaled medications are used for patients with stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) to reduce dyspnea, improve exercise tolerance, and prevent complications.Bronchodilators act to decrease muscle tone in small and large airways in the lungs, thereby increasing ventilation. The category includes subcutaneous medications, beta-adrenergics, methylxanthines, and anticholinergics.

  • Bronchodilators
  • Anti-Inflammatories
  • Antibiotics
  • Metered-Dose Inhalers, Dry Powder Inhalers

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