Drugs and side effects

OTC (over the counter drugs) includes the following :-

  • Acetaminophen (Tylenol)
  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), including ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil) or naproxen (Aleve, Naprosyn)

Prescription Pain Relievers includes the following:-

Corticosteroids:-  Prescription corticosteroids provide relief for inflamed areas of the body by easing swelling, redness, itching and allergic reactions. Corticosteroids can be used to treat allergies, asthma and arthritis. When used to control pain, they are generally given in the form of pills or injections that target a certain joint.

Examples include: prednisone, prednisolone, and methylprednisolone.

Side effects:-

  • Weight gain
  • Trouble sleeping
  • Weakened immune system
  • Thinning of the bones


Opioids are often used for acute pain, such as short-term pain after surgery.

Some examples of opioids include:- Morphine, Fentanyl, Oxycodone, Codeine

Side effects:-

  • Nausea
  • Constipation
  • Itching
  • Breathing problems
  • Addiction

Anti convulsants:-

Anticonvulsants are drugs typically used to treat seizure disorders. Some of these medications are shown to be effective in treating pain as well. The exact way in which these medicines control pain is unclear but it is thought that they minimize the effects of nerves that cause pain.

Some examples include carbamazepine (Tegretol), gabapentin (Neurontin), and pregabalin (Lyrica).

Side effects:-

  • Drowsiness
  • Dizziness
  • Fatigue
  • Nausea

Other Pain Treatments:-

Topical pain relief comes in the form of a lidocaine (Lidoderm) patch.

TENS, a procedure that uses patches placed on the skin to send signals that may help stop pain.


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