El Nino and La Nina, and Climate Variability & Predictability

El Niño – Southern Oscillation (ENSO) is one of the most important modes of variability of year-to-year climate in the Earth System. A distinct feature of ENSO is large positive and negative swings in the sea surface temperatures (SSTs) in the equatorial tropical Pacific that are referred to as El Niño (warmer SSTs) and La Niña (colder SSTs). SST variations have distinct fingerprints on various climate features over remote regions over the globe – droughts and floods over Indonesia; frequency of hurricanes in the Atlantic Ocean basin; variations in surface temperature over the United States during northern summer etc. Because of larger thermal inertia of oceans, slower variations in ENSO SSTs can be predicted during next few seasons, and connections between variations in SSTs and global climate, therefore, impart useful predictability to the near-term evolution of climate. Indeed, seasonal predictions based on the ENSO are now made operationally and are provided to the user community. Such long-range forecasts are an important aspect of developing climate services and managing risks and advantages associated with climate variability. Another important aspect of ENSO is understanding its variations on slower time scales and what physical reasons may be responsible for it. Similar to ENSO that is one specific mode of climate variability in the Earth System; other modes of climate variability also exist. These modes span a multitude of time scales varying from weather, monthly, seasonal and decadal. Examples include Blocking, North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO), Pacific North-American (PNA) Oscillation, Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO), Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO) and Atlantic Multi-Decadal Oscillation (AMO) etc. These modes of climate variability also have regional fingerprints in surface temperature and precipitation variability, and therefore, can have significant influence on different aspects of societal activities. Understanding causes of their onset, persistence and decay, together with interactions among different modes of variability, are important for understanding and quantifying their predictability. It is also argued that regional aspects of anthropogenic climate change will also be manifested via its influence on models of climate variability.

This session aims to cover an overview and impacts of the 2015 El Niño and the following La Niña. Research on El Niño and global change is invited. Young researchers are invited to attend this session and learn about the phenomena.

  • Causes of El Nino and La Nina
  • Effects of El Nino and La Nina
  • Climate Variability and Climate Change
  • Climate Predictability

Related Conference of El Nino and La Nina, and Climate Variability & Predictability

February 22-23, 2019

3rd International Conference on Renewable Energy and Resources

San Francisco, USA
March 11-12,2019

9thWorld Convention on Waste Recycling and Reuse

| Holiday Inn Atrium, Singapore
April 01-02, 2019

12th World Congress and Expo on Recycling

Paris, France
April 01-02, 2019

International Conference on Green Energy

Amsterdam | Netherlands
June 24-25, 2019

7th World Congress and Expo on Green Energy

Barcelona, Spain
June 24-25, 2019

7th World Congress and Expo on Green Energy

Barcelona, Spain

International Conference On Plant Genomics

May 01-02, 2019 Rotterdam, Netherlands
May 06-07, 2019

6th Global Summit and Expo on Pollution Control

Amsterdam, Netherlands
May 08-09, 2019

8th World Climate Congress

Phuket, Thailand
May 15-16, 2019

8th International Conference on Biodiversity Conservation and Ecosystem Management

| Holiday Inn Singapore Atrium | Singapore
May 15-16, 2019

3rd International Conference on Natural Hazards and Disaster Management

| Holiday Inn Singapore | Singapore
May 15-16, 2019 Radisson Hotel Narita |

4th International Conference on Coastal Zones & Ocean Science

Tokyo, Japan
June 13-14, 2019

11th World Congress and Expo on Recycling

Edinburgh, Scotland
August 21-22, 2019

7th World Congress on Earth and Environmental Science

| Holiday Inn Atrium | Singapore
September 9-11, 2019

6th World Conference on Climate Change

Berlin, Germany
October 21-22, 2019

10th World Convention on Recycling and Waste Management

Sydney, Australia
November 4th-5th, 2019

9th International Conference on Environment and Climate Change

Johannesburg, South Africa

El Nino and La Nina, and Climate Variability & Predictability Conference Speakers

Recommended Sessions

Related Journals

Are you interested in