Environmental Impacts upon Reproduction and Offspring Health

Reproductive health is sensitive to individual's environment characteristics including behavioral, physical, cultural, biological, and socioeconomic factors. Relative effects of these features vary within a country or different parts of the world. In populations with higher rates of sexually transmitted diseases or in areas with inadequate health care resources, untreated infections may pose greatest threats, increasing women's risk of experiencing premature delivery, fetal loss or prenatal mortality. Furthermore, infants of women with such diseases risk acquiring infection during delivery and are vulnerable to other complications during the neonatal period.

In societies where cultural norms favor large families, women may suffer health problems resulting from frequent childbearing. Similarly, malnutrition increases pregnant woman's susceptibility to poor outcomes.

In some regions, workplace and industrial pollution, substances that are used commercially or in home, may pose greatest threats. Exposure to lead is associated with fertility impairments in both women and men, as well as with risk of spontaneous abortion and stillbirth. Exposure to mercury may cause birth defects and neurological disorders. Number of solvents contributes to risk of spontaneous abortion and birth defects, and some of these substances may be factor in hypertensive disorders during pregnancy and male infertility. Epidemiological studies have proven adverse reproductive health effects of some pesticides, and mounting evidence suggests that other of these products is harmful to reproductive health.

  • Environmental impacts
  • Prenatal mortality
  • Fetal loss
  • Premature delivery
  • Maternal malnutrition
  • Spontaneous abortion and stillbirth
  • Adverse reproductive health

Related Conference of Environmental Impacts upon Reproduction and Offspring Health

Environmental Impacts upon Reproduction and Offspring Health Conference Speakers