Epigenetic Events in Gastrointestinal Cancer

Epigenetics refers to inheritable changes in organic phenomenon that square measure, not like mutations, not because of alterations in DNA sequence. Two predominant epigenetic mechanisms square measure DNA methylation and simple protein modification. Epigenetic regulation of organic phenomenon has emerged as a basic pathway within the pathological process of various malignancies, together with cancers of the biological process system in reality; several exciting discoveries in epigenetics have started to study of cancers of the GI tract and hepatobiliary tree. Epigenetic modifications of DNA in cancer and malignant neoplasm lesions supply the promise of novel biomarkers for early cancer detection, prediction, prognosis, and response to treatment. Moreover, reversal of epigenetic changes represents a possible target of novel therapeutic methods and drugs style. In the future, innovative diagnostic tests and treatment regimens will likely be based on epigenetic mechanisms and be incorporated into the gastroenterologist’s practice.

 

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