Ethical & Social Implications of Gene Editing

The ability to precisely and accurately change almost any part of any genome, even in complex species such as humans, may soon become a reality through genome editing. But with great power comes great responsibility – and few subjects elicit such heated debates about moral rights and wrongs. Genome editing offers a greater degree of control and precision in how specific DNA sequences are changed. It could be used in basic science, for human health, or improvements to crops. There are a variety of techniques but clustered regularly inter-spaced short palindromic repeats, or CRISPR, is perhaps the foremost.

Ethical concerns over genetic modification are not new, particularly when it comes to humans. First there is no clear consensus whether genome editing is just an incremental step towards improving the qualit6y of genes or if it has nay desruptive effect on the genome.Second, there are significant ethical concerns over the potential scope and scale of genome editing modifications. As more researchers use CRISPR to achieve more genome changes, the implications shift. The consideration of a technology that is rarely used and then only in specific cases will differ from one that is widely used and put to all sorts of uses. Germ-line alternations pose much greater ethical concerns. A mistake could harm future individuals by placing that mistake in every cell. Hence as this technology is well permoising and has opened new doors towars human wellbeing, on the other hand it also makes us question the legitimacy of the entire idea. 

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