Gastrointestinal Cancer: Causes

Generally, cancer begins when a mutation occurs in a cell's DNA. This mutation causes the cell to grow and divide at a rapid rate and to continue living when a normal cell would die. The accumulating cancerous cells form tumor that can invade nearby structures The causes of general Gastrointestinal cancer problems are constipation, diarrhea, nausea and vomiting vary widely malabsorption disorders, gastroenteritis (inflammation of the stomach and small intestine due to viral or bacterial infection from contaminated food, colitis (inflammation of the large intestine that may be triggered by certain foods or bacterial infections), Ulcers in the stomach. Taking certain medicines (especially antidepressants, iron pills, and strong pain medicines such as narcotics) also causes gastrointestinal cancer.

 

In order to perform operations inside the abdomen, surgeons must make an incision large enough to offer adequate visibility, provide access to the abdominal organs and allow the use of hand-held surgical instruments.  These incisions may be placed in different parts of the abdominal wall.  Depending on the size of the patient and the type of operation, the incision may be 6 to 12 inches in length.  There is a significant amount of discomfort associated with these incisions that can prolong the time spent in the hospital after surgery and can limit how quickly a patient can resume normal daily activities.  Because traditional techniques have long been used and taught to generations of surgeons, they are widely available and are considered the standard treatment to which newer techniques must be compared.

  • Malabsorption disorders
  • Gastroenteritis
  • Inflammatory bowel disease
  • Viral or bacterial infection
  • Gene mutations & Family Mutations

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