Glaucoma Management

Glaucoma disease can be controlled even with effective treatment, patients must have regular eye examinations. Treatment often continues for the patient's lifetime. Although burdensome, lifelong treatment is preferable to vision loss. Lowering the intraocular pressure (IOP) is the focus of treating patients with glaucoma. Lowering IOP is done to a level that is not likely to cause further optic nerve damage; this level is referred to as the target pressure and is determined by the ophthalmologist. High IOP may damage the optic nerve, which can lead to vision loss. The level differs for each patient, and a patient's target pressure may change during the course of a lifetime. For open-angle glaucoma (the most common type), the ophthalmologist may prescribe medication to lower IOP. Topical or oral medications, inserts (waferlike strips of medication that are put in the corner of the eye), or eye ointments can be used.

Glaucoma can be treated with eye drops, pills, laser surgery, traditional surgery or a combination of these methods. The goal of any treatment is to prevent loss of vision, as vision loss from glaucoma is irreversible. The good news is that glaucoma can be managed if detected early, and that with medical and/or surgical treatment, most people with glaucoma will not lose their sight. Taking medications regularly, as prescribed, is crucial to preventing vision-threatening damage. That is why it is important for you to discuss side effects with your doctor. While every drug has some potential side effects, it is important to note that many patients experience no side effects at all. 

  • Glaucoma early detection and therapy for prevention of vision loss
  • Glaucoma as a genetic disease or heredity
  • Glaucoma Surgical Complications
  • Management of glaucoma patients
  • Advantages and Disadvantages of the technology

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