Glycan Catabolism and Systemic Physiology

The human gut hosts trillions of bacteria that directly influence human health. The majority of gut microbiota play an important role in nutrition by metabolizing host-indigestible complex glycans into short-chain fatty acids. Growth of the mesh-like peptidoglycan (PG) sacculus located between the bacterial inner and outer membranes (OM) is tightly regulated to ensure cellular integrity, maintain cell shape, and orchestrate division. Cytoskeletal elements direct placement and activity of PG synthases from inside the cell, but precise spatiotemporal control over this process is poorly understood. Glycan catabolism contains metabolic pathway maps for glycans. Some of them contain an alternative representation of glycan biosynthesis or degradation, called the glycan structure map.

Relevant Conferences:Glycobiology Conferences Biochemistry Conferences

6th International Conference on Bioinformatics, March 29-30, 2016 Valencia, Spain; International Conference on Structural Biology, June 23-24, 2016 New Orleans, USA; World Congress on Amino Acids and Proteins, December 08-09, 2016 Baltimore, USA; International Conference on Nucleic Acids, August 04-06, 2016 Seattle, USA 7th International Conference and Expo on Proteomics, October 24-26, 2016 Rome, Italy; International Conference on Obesity & Chronic Diseases, July 25-27, 2016 Las Vegas USA; International Conference on New Therapeutics for Diabetes and Obesity, April 17-20, 2016 La Jolla, USA; Conference on Plasma Spectrochemistry, January 10-16, 2016 Tucson, USA; Euro Fed Lipid Congress, September 18-21, 2016 Gent, Belgium; Conference on Obesity and Adipose Tissue Biology, February 15-19, 2016 Banff, Canada

 Since glycogen molecules can become enormously large, an inability to degrade glycogen can cause cells to become pathologically engorged it can also lead to the functional loss of glycogen as a source of cell energy and as a blood glucose buffer. Numerous carbohydrate-binding proteins, or lectins, have been identified on the surfaces of immune cells. Interactions of lectins with glycans usually require several monosaccharide moieties presented in the correct conformation for high-affinity binding. Asparagine (N)-linked protein glycosylation is a ubiquitous co- and post-translational modification which can alter the biological function of proteins and consequently affects the development, growth, and physiology of organisms. In mammals, complex N-glycans are involved in different cellular processes including molecular recognition and signaling events.

  • Gene expression regulation
  • Metabolic pathways and analysis
  • Peptidoglycan synthesis and regulation
  • Glycans in human physiological mechanisms
  • Cell signalling analysis

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