Glycobiology in Personalized Medicine

The human gut hosts trillions of bacteria that directly influence human health. The majority of gut microbiota play an important role in nutrition by metabolizing host-indigestible complex glycans into short-chain fatty acids. Growth of the mesh-like peptidoglycan (PG) sacculus located between the bacterial inner and outer membranes (OM) is tightly regulated to ensure cellular integrity, maintain cell shape, and orchestrate division. Cytoskeletal elements direct placement and activity of PG synthases from inside the cell, but precise spatiotemporal control over this process is poorly understood. Glycan catabolism contains metabolic pathway maps for glycans. Some of them contain an alternative representation of glycan biosynthesis or degradation, called the glycan structure map.

Asparagine (N)-linked protein glycosylation is a ubiquitous co- and post-translational modification which can alter the biological function of proteins and consequently affects the development, growth, and physiology of organisms. In mammals, complex N-glycans are involved in different cellular processes including molecular recognition and signalling events.

Relevant Conferences: Glycobiology Conferences Biochemistry Conferences

7th International Conference on Bioinformatics, October 24-26, 2016 Rome, Italy; International Conference on Structural Biology, August 22-23, 2016 New Orleans, USA; International Conference on Glycomics, December 01-02, 2016 Atlanta, Georgia, USA; International Conference on Nucleic Acids, August 04-05, 2016 New Orleans, Louisiana, USA; 2nd International Conference on Transcriptomics, September 12-14, 2016 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA; International Conference on Obesity & Chronic Diseases, July 25-27, 2016 Las Vegas USA; International Conference on New Therapeutics for Diabetes and Obesity, April 17-20, 2016 La Jolla, USA; Conference on Plasma Spectrochemistry, January 10-16, 2016 Tucson, USA; Euro Fed Lipid Congress, September 18-21, 2016 Gent, Belgium; Conference on Obesity and Adipose Tissue Biology, February 15-19, 2016 Banff, Canada; Society for Glycobiology, November 19-22, 2016 New Orleans, Louisiana, USA; American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (ASBMB), April 02-06, 2016 San Diego, USA; Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology (FASEB), June 12-17, 2016 Florida, USA

Complex carbohydrates are composed of monosaccharides that are covalently linked by glycosidic bonds, either in the α or β form. Unlike DNA and proteins, however monosaccharides may be linked to one or more other monosaccharides, such that they form a branched tree structure. Glyco arrays and the specific subject of protein binding to immobilized glycans, is a current focus of active research involving several individual strategies in terms of chemistries and choice of glycan ligand. This new technology shows considerable promise to investigate the biological significance of glycan sequences. Such information has proved to be difficult to screen in the past and demands a high-throughput solution. The complex structure of glycans has been a bottleneck in the structure determination and thus data accumulation of glycan structures. 

  • Molecular biological profiling
  • Biomarker analytics for translational research
  • Advanced biomarkers for personalized medicine
  • Precision medicine for mental disorders
  • Clinical applications of personalized medicine
  • Pharmacoglycomics and precision medicine

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