Haemoglobin and Myoglobin

Myoglobin and haemoglobin are hemeproteins whose physiological importance is principally related to their ability to bind molecular oxygen. Myoglobin is a monomeric heme protein found mainly in muscle tissue where it serves as an intracellular storage site for oxygen. During periods of oxygen deprivation oxymyoglobin releases its bound oxygen which is then used for metabolic purposes.

At one time or another, everyone has experienced the momentary sensation of having to stop, to "catch one's breath," until enough O2 can be absorbed by the lungs and transported through the blood stream. Imagine what life would be like if we had to rely only on our lungs and the water in our blood to transport oxygen through our bodies.

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